There are better and bigger pictures of Prague’s Astronomical Clock, but this gives you a sense of its scale. It’s the oldest astronomical clock still working, though it’s had a few close shaves. In 1945, incendiary fire from the Nazis destroyed the wooden sculptures and the calendar dial. Heroic citizens saved it from complete destruction.
The figures you see near the bottom are the Chronicler, Angel, Astronomer and Philosopher. They flank a reproduction of the calendar wheel painted by the Czech Revivalist Josef Mánes in 1866. Each monthly circle displays a seasonal scene of rural Bohemia.
Nazi-occupied Prague, an aspiring SS officer, a simple job – what could go wrong? In Jiri Weil’s black comedy, Mendelssohn Is on the Roof, the answer is, a lot.
Julius Schlesinger’s orders are simple. His Nazi superiors wish him to remove the statue of the only Jewish composer on the roof of the Rudolfinum, the famed Felix Mendelssohn. No problem. He orders two Czech laborers to get on with the job.
But then, a snag. None of the statues are labeled, the laborers complain. So which is which?
Aha! Schlesinger has remembered his studies on racial science. The one with the biggest nose will be the Jew.
So off the laborers go to locate the statue with the biggest nose. They find him with ease – a hulking man with a beret – wrap a rope around his neck and heave.
Schelsinger appears just in time to see Richard Wagner, Germany’s rabidly antisemitic hero, toppling to the ground.
The real tragedy is that this story is based on a real-life event. All in all, the Holocaust claimed more than a quarter of a million Czechoslovak Jews; by the end of the War, only 15,000 remained in the country.